The essay, “Two Long-Term Problems: Too Many People, Too Few Trees,” by noted scholar Moti Nissani, is about two distinct yet interrelated long-term problems. These two major problems, which are overpopulation and deforestation, are likely to destroy all life on our planet unless timely actions are taken.
In his essay, Two Long-Term Problems, Moti Nissani, a significant writer and processor, emphasized two long-term issues: overpopulation and deforestation. People are living longer lives as a result of industrialization, nutrition, sanitation, and modern medicine, and the global population is fast expanding. The author is concerned that overpopulation will hurt the natural environment. We will cut down trees and plant forests to produce more food for more people. Furthermore, an increasing population will contaminate rivers, lakes, air, drinking water, land, and the entire natural environment. Environmental pollution causes a variety of ailments, including cancer, asthma, and respiratory problems.
Two Long-Term Problems begins with scientists around the world’s concern about the earth’s environment. It is becoming much more polluted. The air, water, and soil, which are regarded as the most important things for the existence of any living species, are becoming poisonous, and many kinds of plants and animals have already disappeared.
According to Nissani, the fundamental cause of the deteriorating scenario is overcrowding. It is always rising because people are living longer lives and having more children than ever before. He uses Nepal as an example, where the population has increased from 9 million to 23 million in less than 50 years. If the current trend continues, Nepal’s population will reach 368 million in just 140 years. Nepal is not the only example of this type. Except in a few countries, where the population can be counted on the fingers, the world’s population is growing everywhere. More people, in turn, consume more natural resources, contribute to pollution, and alter the global climate.
Meanwhile, there is still time to make improvements. We still have power over the issue, though it is tough to reverse. We can minimize the situation by limiting our population. Population growth can be slowed with education, particularly for women, and knowledge of how to avoid having children.
Population growth is increasing, as is the development of farmland and residential areas. The desire of wealthy people in the west for beef is also prompting them to convert forest land to pasture land. Furthermore, the demand for wood and paper goods in industrialized countries is fueling the fire.
It leads to disastrous landslides and sudden floods. Deforestation also contributes to droughts, weather extremes, desertification, the extinction of wild species, and the depletion of the ozone layer.
In contrast, the population will decrease and deforestation will slow. Controlling deforestation also requires education, family planning, and changes in how we utilize wood. In Nepal, for example, the adoption of smokeless stoves might minimize the amount of firewood used. The essayists remind us that we know what changes we need to make, but we lack the foresight or courage to make them. To control these two long-term issues, we must use what we know.
As a result, soil erosion, desertification, flooding, landslides, tropical diseases, siltation of rivers and dams, and mass migration are increasing. The high growth of the population has already polluted our food, air, water, rivers, soil, drains, and farms. The chances of cancer, emphysema (lung disease), and asthma are far higher now, and we are suffering from premature hearing loss. Lead and dioxide are having a serious effect on children’s intelligence and health. Because of human-caused pollution, the globe has already experienced terrifying challenges such as desertification, acid rain, the extinction of wild plant and animal species, ozone layer depletion, and the greenhouse effect.
The situation can be handle if we reduce population and pollution(which is the main cause). Many factors, such as modernization and effective family planning measures, along with equal economic, educational, and legal opportunities for women, will help to control the rapid population growth. To leave this world to our future generations, we must save the forest by reducing population pressure on it through effective family planning measures and by educating people. We can also save the forest by enacting tight legislation that levies a high tariff on wood goods and offers an incentive to pressurize woodlands. There should be a provision in the law to severely punish people for destroying the forest. Massive reforestation is another effective step that will benefit the world in conserving biodiversity, pristine wildness, and minimizing desertification, floods, and weather extremes. By controlling the population and saving the forest, we may solve this planet’s problems for future generations by utilizing our knowledge to convert our wisdom, courage, and passion into practice to turn this world into heaven. Overall to include Two Long-Term Problems is an essay on overpopulation and deforestation.