Blog Posts

BSc Agriculture In Nepal

Published Date : October 03, 2021
Author : Bijaya Karki

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (BSc Agriculture) is a four-year degree program. It is consists of eight semesters. This course has a total of 167 credit hours. The first three years comprise general agricultural courses. The final year compromises elective agricultural courses where a student can specialize according to their interest area. 

BSC Agriculture (BSc AG) is a curriculum offered by the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS). It is an autonomous academic center of Tribhuvan University which offers BSc Agriculture in Nepal. IAAS is dedicated to providing advanced education in the fields of agricultural science, animal sciences, veterinary medicine, and more. Through competent human resource development, the institute has demonstrated its academic superiority in the realm of agricultural science.

BSc AG course aims to strike a good balance between theoretical and practical knowledge. BSc students are taught both technical and non-technical courses. In general, BSc emphasizes emerging needs in the agricultural sector. It comprises of innovative teaching methodology. It makes students carry out research and field visits. 

BSc AG imparts dynamic knowledge regarding various agricultural disciplines, such as Forestry, Farm Management, Agricultural Sales, Animal Science, Agricultural Engineering, Soil Science, Agricultural Business, Plant Protection, Food Science, and more. To produce competent graduates who will be able to address the needs of the farmers and agriculture as a whole.

Eligibility for BSc Agriculture in general:

  1. Students must have either a +2 qualification in science or “Intermediate in Agriculture of Agriculture in Plant science” (I.Sc.Ag).
  2. For +2 students Minimum C Grade on all subjects and average C+ in aggregate.
  3. I.Sc.Ag students must have studied compulsory English, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology and have received a minimum of 50% in aggregate from Tribhuvan University or other recognized universities and boards.
  4. A-Level students must have chosen Physic, Biology, Chemistry, as their subject combination.
  5. Candidates appearing for the entrance exam must score at least 50%

Fee Structure of BSc Agriculture:

Government colleges are far cheaper than private colleges. The BSc Agriculture can be studied for a minimum of 3 lakhs to a maximum of 8 Lakhs. However, there are scholarships for exceptional students, and seats are reserved in each college for scholarships. 

Among the AFU-affiliated colleges the Central campus, Rampur, Chitwan offers 78 seats full scholarship and 47 seats for paying. For paying the fee structure is between 2.5 to 3 lakhs.

The CNRM campuses offer up to 30 seats for full scholarships. 

 

Entrance examinations:

Agriculture & Forestry University (AFU): 

To get into AFU-affiliated colleges a candidate has to pass the entrance examination. The entrance exam of AFU is conducted in Rampur. The entrance exam is consists of a total of 120 Questions. After calculating the marks obtained by individual students, they will be placed into different colleges. Following are the number of questions that are asked during the entrance examination :

English: Total 21 questions

Chemistry: Total 15 questions

Botany: Total 21 questions

Mathematics: Total 15 questions

Zoology: Total 21 questions

Physics: Total 21 questions

General Knowledge & Agriculture:  Total 6 questions

Tribhuvan University: 

The entrance exam of Tribhuvan University is conducted in Kritipur. Following are the number of questions that are asked during the entrance examination:

English: Total 15 questions

Chemistry: Total 15 questions

Botany: Total 15 questions

Mathematics: Total 15 questions

Zoology: Total 15 questions

Physics: Total 15 questions

General Knowledge:  Total 5 questions

Agriculture:  Total 5 questions

 

Syllabus of BSc Agriculture:

BSc Agriculture is a multidisciplinary program that is consists of numerous disciplines. It covers issues like Food production, agricultural farming, animal husbandry, rural economy and rural development, environmental health, and so on. 

Students can learn about a wide range of fields relating to agriculture and agro science. Practicals, field visits, research, and internship programs are also part of the program.

First Semester 

  1. Rural Sociology
  2. General Biochemistry
  3. Principles of Economics
  4. Principles of Agronomy
  5. Introductory Horticulture
  6. Fundamentals of Soil Science and Geology
  7. Introductory Animal Science
  8. Work Experience Program

Second Semester

  1. Introductory Crop Physiology
  2. Agricultural Microbiology
  3. Farm Management, Production Economics, and Planning
  4. Cereal Crop Production
  5. Soil Fertility, Fertilizers and Integrated Nutrient Management
  6. Ruminant Production
  7. Work Experience Program

Third Semester

  1. Environmental Sciences and Agro-Ecology
  2. Agricultural and Environmental Economics
  3. Grain Legumes and Oilseed Production
  4. Introductory Entomology
  5. Fruit and Plantation Crop Production
  6. Introductory Genetics
  7. Pig and Poultry Production
  8. Introductory Agrometeorology
  9. Introductory Ichthyology

Fourth Semester

  1. Commercial Crops
  2. Principles and Practices of Seed Technology
  3. Agricultural Statistics
  4. Vegetable and Spice Crop Production
  5. Introductory Plant Breeding
  6. Soil Physics, Genesis and Classification
  7. Farm Power and Machinery
  8. Fodder Production and Pasture Management
  9. Principles of Aquaculture

Fifth Semester

  1. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
  2. Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension
  3. Computer Application
  4. Principles and Practices of Insect-Pest Management
  5. Agroforestry
  6. Genetics of Populations
  7. Introduction to Plant Pathology
  8. Introductory Soil Conservation and Watershed Management
  9. Animal Nutrition and Feeding Practices
  10. Project Work

Sixth Semester

  1. Nepalese Agriculture Development and Policy
  2. Agricultural Communication
  3. Social Mobilization and Community Development
  4. Economic Entomology
  5. Post Harvest Horticulture
  6. Crop Diseases and Their Management
  7. Principles and Practices of Animal Breeding
  8. Organic Agriculture
  9. Project Work

Seventh Semester

  1. Agribusiness Management, Marketing, and Cooperatives
  2. Farming Systems and Sustainable Agriculture
  3. Principles and Practices of Farm Water Management
  4. Mountain Agriculture
  5. Introductory Biotechnology and Biodiversity
  6. Agrobiodiversity Management
  7. Environmental Pollution and Protection
  8. Project Work

Eighth Semester

  1. Agriculture Project Planning
  2. Agri-Business Management
  3. Farm Structures and Surveying
  4. Applied Human Nutrition
  5. Introduction to Dairy Science
  6. Undergraduate Practicum Assessment

 

Universities that offer BSc Agriculture:

Four universities govern BSc Agriculture Curriculum. They are mentioned below: 

  1. Tribhuvan University
  2. Agriculture & Forestry University (AFU)
  3. Purbanchal University
  4. Far Western University

 

The list of colleges offering BSc Agriculture in Nepal are mentioned below:

The following list of agricultural colleges is known for their excellent academic performance and graduation rates. 

List of colleges affiliated with Tribhuvan University:

  1. Lamjung Campus, Lamgunj
  2. Rampur Campus Khairahani, Chitwan
  3. Gauradaha Agriculture Campus Gauradaha, Jhapa
  4. Paklihawa Campus, Rupandehi, Lumbini
  5. Gokuleshwor Agriculture and Animal Science College, Baitadi
  6. Midwest Academy, Research Institute Campus of Life Science, Tulsipur
  7. Prithu Technical College, Dang, Deukhuri
  8. Mahendra Ratna college, Ilam

List of Agriculture & Forestry University (AFU) affiliated Colleges:

  1. Central campus, Rampur, Chitwan
  2. College of Natural Resource Management (CNRM), Purancho, Kaski
  3. College of Natural Resource Management, Khajura, Banke
  4. College of Natural Resource Management, Bardibas
  5. College of Natural Resource Management, Sindhuli
  6. College of Natural Resource Management, Tikapur
  7. College of Natural Resource Management, Pakhribas, Dhankuta
  8. College of Natural Resource Management, Kapilakot

List of Colleges affiliated with Purbanchal University 

  1. Himalayan College of Agricultural Sciences & Technology
  2. Nepal Polytechnic Institute

List of colleges affiliated with Farwestern University

  1. Tikapur Multiple Campus

 

Conclusion:

A bachelor's degree in BSc agriculture is a promising program. It is undisputed fact that Some sectors may run out of resources and relevance, but agriculture will never go out of business because agriculture and bio-diversity are indispensable to human life. It will be always relevant. In the 21st century, technological advancements, research, and invention have dramatically enlarged the scope of BSc Ag.

Nepal is an agricultural country, with 66 percent of the population working in the agriculture field. Nepal also has a plethora of agro-biodiversity. This is why BSc opens up lots of opportunities. This is why many students pursue BSc after their +2 graduation.

One of the most significant aspects of the economy is agriculture. BSc. Ag. graduates get ample job opportunities. For example, Graduates can find work in a variety of firms, industries, INGOs, NGOs, Government Jobs, or may even pursue agricultural entrepreneurship. 

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture is a course that produces agricultural manpower, with a focus on teaching, research, and the use and application of current agricultural equipment and technology. Thank you so much for making it to the end for more please visit https://kpadhne.com/posts