Fundamental Rights | मौलिक हक or मूल अधिकार | Constitution Of Nepal Part 3 Article 16-46

Fundamental Rights | मौलिक हक or मूल अधिकार | Constitution Of Nepal Part 3 Article 16-46

Fundamental Rights Are essential for an Individual, Basic, Intrinsic(अन्तरिक), Inalienable(अपरिहार्य), and Natural human rights. These rights cannot be ignored, infringed(उल्लङ्घन), or Snatched by the state or Other Individuals. (NEA, Nepal Oil Nigam)

Features (विशेषताहरु) of Fundamental Rights

  • State & citizens
  • Not absolute – subject to restrictions
oखारेज- President of Nepal- (temp) oनिषेध | प्रतिबन्ध- Parliament
  • Enforceable – HC/SC- लागु गर्न मिल्ने
  • Negative rights
Protector of Fundamental Right रक्षक- HC/SC – (extraordinary writ)  

Constitution of Nepal Part-3, Fundamental Rights Article 16 to article 46 

  1. Article 16. Right to live with dignity (गौरब / शान)
  2. Article 17. Right to freedom
  3. Article 18. Right to equality
  4. Article 19. Right to communication
  5. Article 20. Rights relating to justice(न्याय)
  6. Article 21. Right of victim (पिडित) of crime (अपराध)
  7. Article 22. Right against torture (यातना)
  8. Article 23. Right against preventive(रोकथाम) detention (हिरासत / थुना )
  9. Article 24. Right against untouchability(छुवाछुत) & discrimination(भेदभाब)
  10. Article 25. Rights relating to Property
  11. Article 26. Right to freedom of religion
  12. Article 27. Right to information
  13. Article 28. Right to privacy
  14. Article 29. Right against exploitation (शोषण)
  15. Article 30. Right to clean environment (स्वच्छ वातावरण)
  16. Article 31. Right to education
  17. Article 32. Right to language & culture
  18. Article 33. Right to employment
  19. Article 34. Right to labor
  20. Article 35. Right relating to health
  21. Article 36. Right relating to food
  22. Article 37. Right to housing
  23. Article 38. Right of women
  24. Article 39. Right of child
  25. Article 40. Rights of dalit
  26. Article 41. Right of senior citizens
  27. Article 42. Right to social justice
  28. Article 43. Right to social security
  29. Article 44. Right of consumer
  30. Article 45. Right against exile
  31. Article 46. Right to constitutional remedies
     
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